Medicinal Chemistry and Drug Discovery
Medicinal compounds are organic in nature and are classified into small organic molecules and biologics. The most common practice of medicinal chemistry is aiming to discover and develop new therapeutic agents by involving synthetic organic chemistry and computational chemistry in a close-knit combination with chemical biology, enzymology and structural biology. The interdisciplinary team-work at the interface between chemistry, biology and medicine is required for Drug research. An essential aspect of drug designing is to understand the principal component in the natural product that is having the therapeutic benefit. The important role that medicinal chemistry plays is in developing a drug with therapeutic benefits. The market of the pharmaceutical industry is driven by Medicinal chemistry. Today, the primary aim of drug designing is to design a drug for a known target and develop a molecule by completely understanding the active principle with therapeutic potential, which is then approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process of designing a new molecule to the established target is done using Computer Assisted Drug Designing (CADD).